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Tanzania Country Statistics

Population: 37,445,392
Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.7% (male 8,204,593/female 8,176,489)
15-64 years: 53.6% (male 9,906,446/female 10,178,066)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 422,674/female 557,124) (2006 est.)
Median age: total: 17.7 years
male: 17.5 years
female: 18 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.83% (2006 est.)
Birth rate: 37.71 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate: 16.39 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 96.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 105.64 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 87.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 45.64 years
male: 44.93 years
female: 46.37 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate: 4.97 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 8.8% (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.6 million (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 160,000 (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $700 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 43.2%
industry: 17.2%
services: 39.6% (2004 est.)
Labor force: 19.22 million (2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 80%
industry and services: 20% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate: NA%
Population below poverty line: 36% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.8%
highest 10%: 30.1% (1993)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 38.2 (1993)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.3% (2005 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): 18.6% of GDP (2005 est.)
Budget: revenues: $2.235 billion
expenditures: $2.669 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.) 
Public debt: 65.8% of GDP (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Industries: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer

Source: CIA Fact Book
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